Child Poverty in High Income Countries

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Global Coalition to end child poverty
Androulla Kyrillou
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Joined: Wed Jul 11, 2018 3:03 pm

Child Poverty in High Income Countries

Post by Androulla Kyrillou » Wed Aug 08, 2018 1:16 pm

Dear global coalition members

We would welcome your inputs and comments (in track changes)on the attached planned coalition Briefing on Child Poverty in High Income Countries.

I have attached the version with feedback from an EU perspective - with references to the Europe 2020 strategy and poverty reduction targets (in track changes).

The only other feedback I had is to consider the co-participation of 'beneficiaries' (parents; and where possible children) when thinking about solutions such as designing welfare policies.

We look forward to your comments.

Best regards
Androulla
(on behalf of the Global Coalition to End Child Poverty)
Attachments
HIC Child Poverty briefing paper_zero draft_LP.docx
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John Cockburn
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Joined: Sat Jan 27, 2018 7:48 pm
Institutional affiliation*: Partnership for Economic Policy
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Re: Child Poverty in High Income Countries

Post by John Cockburn » Wed Aug 08, 2018 2:49 pm

John Cockburn (Partnership for Economic Policy, PEP)

I am not a specialist on child poverty in HICs, but here are some thoughts
  • Most electoral systems – one vote for each adult – may be a big reason why children’s needs are not better addressed. There is no political payoff. A couple without children has the same political weight as one with children. When old-aged pensions are in danger, the elderly vote weighs heavily in the minds of politicians, but there is no similar mechanism for children.
  • Indeed, I seem to recall that child poverty was on an upward or stable trend over the last few decades in HICs, whereas poverty among the elderly was on a downward trend, which ties back to my first point. This was the result of increasing old-age security, increase in single parent (mother) households, increasing income inequality and lack of improved social security for children.
  • In this regard, it seemed some studies made an interesting contrast between the roles of earned income inequality and social programs in explaining child poverty.
  • I also recall that child poverty was particularly high in Anglo-Saxon countries in earlier studies (e.g. Bradbury, 1999), but don’t know if this is still the case. It was quite a striking result.
  • If it was possible to have a one-sentence definition of relative and severe relative poverty in footnotes 1 and 2, respectively, it might help fix ideas. I know these definitions come further on, but the reader may disengage if it is too abstract.

yasin.janjua
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Joined: Wed Sep 12, 2018 1:53 pm
Institutional affiliation*: Centre for Research on Economic and Social Transfo

Re: Child Poverty in High Income Countries

Post by yasin.janjua » Wed Sep 12, 2018 1:59 pm

John, you made a good point about the electoral systems and how it might weighs in favor of non-child bearing people. However, one has to see how many law makers elected by the system do not have their own families and children.
Yasin Janjua

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