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Joined: Thu Sep 05, 2019 10:10 am
Institutional affiliation*: Université Clermont Auvergne - CERDI


Post by frmarche » Thu Sep 05, 2019 6:22 pm

Thanks for the presentation. I would like to share with you a few comments.
- I have some doubts on the possibility to model diversification strategy in non-farm activities an individual choice (same comment as for proposal 20418). Two reasons: 1. Women are not always able to take autonomous decisions with respect to the participation in the labor market, or to the sector of employment; 2. The diversification choice is often a household strategy, especially when it is determined by push factor (i.e. household members can decide to send one or more members work out of the farm while the others keep working on the family farm).
- The gender dimension is under-explored in your proposal.
- I wonder if the migration issue should be integrated in your analysis, because migration is another option households may have when forced to search for livelihoods strategies different from farm work. Migration, temporary or not, can be an alternative to non-farm work.
- I do not know the Lesotho context, but I was very surprised to see that the percentage of men and women engaged in non-farm self-employment is so low while the percentage of individuals engaged in wage employment is quite high. This is different from what we see in rural areas of most African countries. You could probably explain more in the proposal.
- I suggest to be less ambitious in terms of research objectives and to rephrase the main research question. You state as follows: “The main objective of this study is to empirically analyze the role of non-farming activities on rural smallholder farming households in Lesotho, taking into consideration the gender dimension”. It is not clear to me what you mean with this sentence, I suggest being more precise in explaining what exactly you want to explore.


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