comment from discutant

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jennifer_korie
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comment from discutant

Post by jennifer_korie » Tue Jun 12, 2018 9:17 am

Thanks for your presentation. I really appreciated how your proposal is organized and structured. You can found bellow my comment.
 IFPRI dataset seems to be dedicated to a very specific objective that seems to be far from labour market outcomes. Drawing some evidences on that microdata can lead to external validity issues and can lead to weak policy implications.
Measuring urbanization using nighttime light intensity can be questionable.
• In SSA 62% of the urban population lives in slum. These low income communities are poorly served by energy system and fuel is expensive and usually provides poor light. Moreover Jorgensen and al. (2010) find that from 1990 to 2005 growth in energy consumption was negatively associated with the growth of the percentage of the population living in slums. Authors should provide more justification to validate nighttime light as a key measure.
 The proposal lack clear statistics on welfare, labour market performance migration dynamics, as well as stylized facts, around the question, that are focus on Ethiopia.
 The empirical strategy on unemployment and empowerment remains unclear.
 Can you briefly discuss the potentials impacts of measurement errors of the urbanization variable?
 Do you have any idea of the size of the population living in slum in Ethiopia?
 Does energy rationing an issue in Ethiopia?
 Suggestion: Underemployment seems to be a more accurate measure of labour market performance in Africa
Economic theory discussion in the literature review need to be strengthen they are keys contributions that are not quoted and discuss.
 Theoritical models for urbanization and welfare
Ravallion, M. (2002). “Short communication on the urbanization of poverty”. Journal of Development Economics 68 435– 442.
Sato, Y., K. Yamamoto (2005). “Urbanization and Poverty Trap: a Demographic Perspective”. Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Fro-cho,Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601.
 Urbanization and labor market outcomes: Theory
Zenou, Y. (2009). Urban labor Economics. Cambridge University Press. (Chapters 3 and 6)
Sato, Y., Y. Zenou (2015). “How urbanization affect employment and social interaction. European Economic Review

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