I. About CBMS-Nigeria

Year Pilot-tested


CBMS Coverage Area

Edem, Nsukka


Data requirements to monitor and evaluate progresses in poverty reduction are enormous.  Originally, the National Living Standard Survey (NLSS) 2003/2004 was commissioned.  The data obtained from this process is however limited to monetary measures of welfare which is grossly inadequate to monitor poverty in local communities of Nigeria.  As a solution to this, the Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) was commissioned in 2006.  Compared to the NLSS, the CWIQ is easy to administer and it covers a wider spectrum of core poverty indicators that were often overlooked in the NLSS.  While the CWIQ is important and crucial, it hardly produced disaggregated data to be able to monitor poverty at the community level.  Such data shortfalls make it difficult to design effective poverty targeting policies at the community levels.  In this regard, the CBMS-Nigeria is implemented in order to generate and implement the Community-Based Monitoring System that is responsive to the needs of local communities. It will also be used to monitor the effect of the current global financial crises on the poverty status of local inhabitants and their coping strategies.


The implementation of the CBMS-Nigeria will be enhanced greatly by the fiscal federalism structure of the country.  The local communities can therefore be mobilized through the local governments. 


Specifically, the CBMS-Nigeria aims to provide the local communities with a simplified and easy to collect poverty indicators selected based on the local conditions so as to monitor community well-being; provide a framework for monitoring and evaluating the impact of the global financial and economic crises on poverty in Nigeria. produce community poverty monitoring reports based on the results of the Monitoring system; improve the capacity of data collection and processing at the local level through community participation in the process of data collection; provide the local government planning officers with current and comprehensive information  and summary statistics as policy inputs in the prioritization of poverty and other intervention programs; and provide accurate and timely data on which poverty alleviation strategies and schemes will be effectively based.

Project Activities

  • Preliminary research issues  which will lead to the development of the community based poverty tracking system (CBPTS)
  • pilot testing of the CBMS design so as to determine its feasibility in the local setting (testing the data collection instruments for validation using about 30 households outside the selected community. testing the data processing techniques
  • Validating the data
  • Survey of 5000 households
  • Analysis and report
  • Cost-route survey of 5000 households to monitor response of household-poverty indicators to changes in policy
  • Analysis and report
  • Assessment of the capacity of local partners in implementation of CBMS programme. 
  • Assessment of the understanding of the processed information by the stake holders and training on how to use the information
  • Establishment of data base
  • Dissemination of findings of CBMS
  • Replication/expansion of CBMS in more sites in the country


II. Institutional Partners

The collaborating institutions e.g. University of Nigeria will aid establishment of the data base on poverty analysis, tracking and alleviation measures. The, local government council of Nigeria, national accelerated poverty eradication programme (NAPEP) and national bureau of statistics (NBS) and nongovernmental organization interested in community welfare will have access to the database. The data base is supposed to be a national facility. It is expected that NAPEP, NBS and national council of Nigeria will sponsor and facilitate periodic updating of the database after buying into the research methodology and results as disseminated.

III. Forms, Papers, and Reports


Papers and Reports

CBMS-Nigeria Pilot

IV. Contact Information


Inquiries regarding CBMS-Nigeria may be sent to:

Dr. Anthonia Achike, CBMS Nigeria Research Coordinator

Senior Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Economics

University of Nigeria, Nsukka , Nigeria

Telephone No. +234-803-423-4147

E-mail: ifeyinwaachike@yahoo.com


Research Team Members

Dr. Anthonia Achike

Dr. Hyacinth E Ichoku

Mr. Mkpado Mmaduabuchukwu

Mr Johnson Onah

Mr Amos Ugwu



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