Smallholder farmers in East Africa are turning to off-farm employment to supplement their income and support productionbut the smaller available pool of family farm labor may, in fact, be causing a decline in agricultural production. A team of local PEP researchers examined the impacts of off-farm participation on agricultural production and farmers’ welfare in Uganda and Tanzania, where recent government policies have encouraged off-farm employment as a path to growth. They found that although off-farm employment is linked to improved welfare in Tanzania, agricultural production decreases in both countries. 
Find out more about the research methods, findings and policy recommendations in the following PEP publications:

Country: 
Kenya
Project code: 
PMMA-20055
Research team: 
Image: 

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