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Decomposing Inequality

  • Aaberge, Rolf, and et al. "Unemployment Shocks and Income Distribution: How Did the Nordic Countries Fare During Their Crises?" Scandinavian Journal of Economics 102.1 (2000): 77-99.
  • Achdut, L. "Income Inequality, Income Composition and Macroeconomic Trends: Israel, 1979-93." Economica, 63.250 (1996).
  • Beblo, Miriam, and Thomas Knaus. "Measuring Income Inequality in Euroland." Review of Income and Wealth 47.3 (2001): 301-20.
  • Berrebi, Z. M. , and J. Silber. "Regional Differences and the Components of Growth and Inequality Change." Economics Letters 25 (1987): 295-98.
  • Blackorby, C., D. Donaldson, and M. Auersperg. "A New Procedure for the Measurement of Inequality within and among Population Subgroups." Canadian Journal of Economics 14.4 (1981): 665-86.
  • Bourguignon, F. "Decomposable Income Inequality Measures." Econometrica 47 (1979): 901-20.
  • Cancian, Maria, and Deborah Reed. "Assessing the Effects of Wives' Earnings on Family Income Inequality." Review of Economics and Statistics 80.1 (1998): 73-79.
  • Cowell, F. A. "On the Structure of Additive Inequality Measures." Review of Economic Studies 47 (1980): 521-31.
  • Cowell, Frank A, and Stephen P Jenkins. "How Much Inequality Can We Explain? A Methodology and an Application to the United States." Economic Journal 105.429 (1995): 421-30.
  • Dagum, Camilo. "A New Approach to the Decomposition of the Gini Income Inequality Ratio." Empirical Economics 22.4 (1997): 515-31.
  • Deutsch, Joseph, and Jacques Silber. "Inequality Decomposition by Population Subgroups and the Analysis of Interdistributional Inequality." Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement. With a Foreword by Amartya Sen. Recent Economic Thought Series. Ed. Jacques Silber. Boston; Dordrecht and London: Kluwer Academic, 1999. 363-97.
  • ---. "On Some Implications of Dagum's Interpretation of the Decomposition of the Gini Index by Population Subgroups." Advances in Econometrics, Income Distribution and Scientific Methodology: Essays in Honor of Camilo Dagum. Ed. Daniel J. Slottje. Heidelberg: Physica, 1999. 269-91.
  • Duro, Juan Antonio, and Joan Esteban. "Factor Decomposition of Cross-Country Income Inequality, 1960-1990." Economics Letters 60.3 (1998): 269-75.
  • Ebert, Udo. "Dual Decomposable Inequality Measures." Canadian Journal of Economics 32.1 (1999): 234-46.
  • Fei, J. , G Ranis, and S. Kuo. "Growth and the Family Distribution of Income by Factor Component." Quarterly Journal of Economics (1978): 17-54.
  • Fields, Gary S, and Gyeongjoon Yoo. "Falling Labor Income Inequality in Korea's Economic Growth: Patterns and Underlying Causes." Review of Income and Wealth 46.2 (2000): 139-59.
  • Foster, James E, and Artyom A Shneyerov. "A General Class of Additively Decomposable Inequality Measures." Economic Theory 14.1 (1999): 89-111.
  • Fournier, Martin. "Inequality Decomposition by Factor Component: A "Rank-Correlation" Approach Illustrated on the Taiwanese Case." Recherches Economiques de Louvain/Louvain Economic Review 67.4 (2001): 381-403.
  • Goerlich Gisbert, Francisco J. "On Factor Decomposition of Cross-Country Income Inequality: Some Extensions and Qualifications." Economics Letters 70.3 (2001): 303-09.
  • Gustafsson, Bjorn, and Li Shi. "The Effects of Transition on the Distribution of Income in China: A Study Decomposing the Gini Coefficient for 1988 and 1995." Economics of Transition 9.3 (2001): 593-617.
  • Hyslop, Dean R. "Rising U.S. Earnings Inequality and Family Labor Supply: The Covariance Structure of Intrafamily Earnings." American Economic Review 91.4 (2001): 755-77.
  • Jenkins, Stephen P. "Accounting for Inequality Trends: Decomposition Analyses for the Uk, 1971-86." Economica 62.245 (1995): 29-63.
  • Johnson, David T, and Peter B Dixon. "Australian Poverty Quantified by a Family-Based Poverty Index." Economic Record 75.229 (1999): 103-14.
  • Keeney, Mary. "The Distributional Impact of Direct Payments on Irish Farm Incomes." Journal of Agricultural Economics 51.2 (2000): 252-65.
  • Leibbrandt, Murray, Christopher Woolard, and Ingrid Woolard. "The Contribution of Income Components to Income Inequality in the Rural Former Homelands of South Africa: A Decomposable Gini Analysis." Journal of African Economies 9.1 (2000): 79-99.
  • Lerman, Robert I. "How Do Income Sources Affect Income Inequality?" Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement. With a Foreword by Amartya Sen. Recent Economic Thought Series. Ed. Jacques Silber. Boston; Dordrecht and London: Kluwer Academic, 1999. 341-58.
  • Lerman, R. I. , and S. Yitzhaki. "Income Inequality Effects by Income Source: A New Approach and Applications to the United States." Review of Economics and Statistics 67 (1985): 151-56.
  • Milanovic, Branko, and Shlomo Yitzhaki. "Decomposing World Income Distribution: Does the World Have a Middle Class?" Review of Income and Wealth 48.2 (2002): 155-78.
  • Mookherjee, D. , and A. F Shorrocks. "A Decomposition Analysis of the Trend in U.K. Income Inequality." Economic Journal 92 (1982): 886-902.
  • Morduch, Jonathan, and Terry Sicular. "Rethinking Inequality Decomposition, with Evidence from Rural China." Economic Journal 112.476 (2002): 93-106.
  • Parker, Simon C. "The Inequality of Employment and Self-Employment Incomes: A Decomposition Analysis for the U.K." Review of Income and Wealth 45.2 (1999): 263-74.
  • Podder, Nripesh. "The Disaggregation of the Gini Coefficient by Factor Components and Its Applications to Australia." Review of Income and Wealth 39.1 (1993): 51-61.
  • Podder, Nripesh, and Srikanta Chatterjee. "Sharing the National Cake in Post Reform New Zealand: Income Inequality Trends in Terms of Income Sources." Journal of Public Economics 86.1 (2002): 1-27.
  • Podder, Nripesh, and Pundarik Mukhopadhaya. "The Changing Pattern of Sources of Income and Its Impact on Inequality: The Method and Its Application to Australia, 1975-94." Economic Record 77.238 (2001): 242-51.
  • Pyatt, G., C. N. Che, and J. Fei. "The Distribution of Income by Factor Components." The Quarterly Journal of Economics 95 (1980): 451-73.
  • Reed, Deborah, and Maria Cancian. "Sources of Inequality: Measuring the Contributions of Income Sources to Rising Family Income Inequality." Review of Income and Wealth 47.3 (2001): 321-33.
  • Sastry, D V S, and Ujwala R Kelkar. "Note on the Decomposition of Gini Inequality." Review of Economics and Statistics 76.3 (1994): 584-86.
  • Schultz, T Paul. "Inequality in the Distribution of Personal Income in the World: How It Is Changing and Why." Journal of Population Economics 11.3 (1998): 307-44.
  • Schwarze, Johannes. "How Income Inequality Changed in Germany Following Reunification: An Empirical Analysis Using Decomposable Inequality Measures." Review of Income and Wealth 42.1 (1996): 1-11.
  • Shorrocks, A. F. "The Class of Additively Decomposable Inequality Measures." Econometrica 48.3 (1980): 613-25.
  • Shorrocks, A. F. "Inequality Decomposition by Factor Components." Econometrica 50.1 (1982): 193-211.
  • ---. "Inequality Decomposition by Population Subgroups." Econometrica 52.6 (1984): 1369-85.
  • Silber, J. "Factor Components, Population Subgroups and the Computation of the Gini Index of Inequality." The Review of Economics and Statistics 71.1 (1989): 107-15.
  • Silber, Jacques. "Inequality Decomposition by Income Source: A Note." Review of Economics and Statistics 75.3 (1993): 545-47.
  • Sotomayor, Orlando J. "Poverty and Income Inequality in Puerto Rico, 1969-89: Trends and Sources." Review of Income and Wealth 42.1 (1996): 49-61.
  • Theil, Henri, and Charles B Moss. "The Measurement of Inequality by Components of Total Expenditure." Empirical Economics 24.3 (1999): 559-6.
  • Wan, Guang Hua. "Changes in Regional Inequality in Rural China: Decomposing the Gini Index by Income Sources." Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 45.3 (2001): 361-81.
  • Wodon, Quentin T. "Between Group Inequality and Targeted Transfers." Review of Income and Wealth 45.1 (1999): 21-39.
  • Yao, Shujie. "Decomposition of Gini Coefficients by Income Factors: A New Approach and Application." Applied Economics Letters 4.1 (1997): 27-31.
  • Yitzhaki, Shlomo, and Robert I Lerman. "Income Stratification and Income Inequality." Review of Income and Wealth 37.3 (1991): 313-29.
  • Zandvakili, Sourushe. "Income Inequality among Female Heads of Households: Racial Inequality Reconsidered." Economica 66.261 (1999): 119-33.
  • Zandvakili, Sourushe, and Bjorn Gustafsson. "Dynamics of Inequality in Sweden." Journal of Income Distribution 8.2 (1998): 189-206.

Equivalence scales

  • Aaberge, Rolf, and Ingrid Melby. "The Sensitivity of Income Inequality to Choice of Equivalence Scales." Review of Income and Wealth 44.4 (1998): 565-69.
  • Atkinson, A B. "Measuring Poverty and Differences in Family Composition." Economica 59.233 (1992): 1-16.
  • Banks, James , and Paul Johnson. Children and Household Living Standards: The Institute for Fiscal Studies, 1993.
  • Banks, James, and Paul Johnson. "Equivalence Scale Relativities Revisited." Economic Journal 104.425 (1994): 883-90.
  • Blackorby, C. , and D. Donaldson. Adult-Equivalence Scales and the Economic Implementation of Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being: Department of Economics, University of British Columbia., 1988.
  • Blackorby, Charles, and David Donaldson. "Adult-Equivalence Scales and the Economic Implementation of Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being." Social Choice and Welfare 10.4 (1993): 335-61.
  • Blundell, R. , and A. Lewbel. "The Information Content of Equivalence Scales." Journal of Econometrics 50 (1991): 49-68.
  • Blundell, Richard. "Equivalence Scales and Household Welfare: What Can Be Learned from Household Budget Data?" The Distribution of Welfare and Household Production: International Perspectives. Eds. Stephen P. Jenkins, Arie Kapteyn and Bernard M. S. van Praag. Cambridge; New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1998. 364-80.
  • Bradbury, Bruce. The Theory of Family Size Equivalence Scales: An Overview: LIS Summer School Lecture, 1992.
  • ---. "Measuring Poverty Changes with Bounded Equivalence Scales: Australia in the 1980s." Economica 64.254 (1997): 245-64.
  • Buhmann, B., et al. "Equivalence Scales, Well-Being, Inequality and Poverty: Sensitivity Estimates across Ten Countries Using the Luxembourg Income Study Database." Review of Income and Wealth 34 (1988): 15--142.
  • Buhmann, B., and Al. "Equivalence Scales, Well-Being, Inequality and Poverty: Sensitivity Estimates across Ten Countries Using the Luxembourg Income Study." (1988).
  • Burkhauser, Richard V, Timothy M Smeeding, and Joachim Merz. "Relative Inequality and Poverty in Germany and the United States Using Alternative Equivalence Scales." Review of Income and Wealth 42.4 (1996): 381-400.
  • Conniffe, Denis. "The Non-Constancy of Equivalence Scales." Review of Income and Wealth 38.4 (1992): 429-43.
  • Coulter, F. A. E., F. A. Cowell, and S. P. Jenkins. "Equivalence Scale Relativities and the Measurement of Inequality and Poverty." The Economic Journal 102 (1992): 1-16.
  • Coulter, Fiona A E, Frank A Cowell, and Stephen P Jenkins. "Differences in Needs and Assessment of Income Distributions." Bulletin of Economic Research 44.2 (1992): 77-124.
  • ---. "Equivalence Scale Relativities and the Extent of Inequality and Poverty." Economic Journal 102.414 (1992): 1067-82.
  • Cowell, F. A. , and M. Mercader-Prats. Equivalence of Scales and Inequality: DARP, 1997.
  • Cowell, Frank A, and Magda Mercader Prats. "Equivalence Scales and Inequality." Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement. With a Foreword by Amartya Sen. Recent Economic Thought Series. Ed. Jacques Silber. Boston; Dordrecht and London: Kluwer Academic, 1999. 405-29.
  • Deaton, Angus. The Analysis of Household Surveys: A Microeconometric Approach to Development Policy. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, (1997)
  • de Vos, Klaas, and M Asghar Zaidi. "Equivalence Scale Sensitivity of Poverty Statistics for the Member States of the European Community." Review of Income and Wealth 43.3 (1997): 319-33.
  • Duclos, J.-Y. , and M. Mercader-Prats. Household Composition and Classes of Equivalence Scales: With Application to Spain and the Uk: Microsimulation Unit, University of Cambridge, 1993.
  • Duclos, Jean Yves, and Magda Mercader Prats. "Household Needs and Poverty: With Application to Spain and the U.K." Review of Income and Wealth 45.1 (1999): 77-98.
  • Ebert, Udo, and Patrick Moyes. "Equivalence Scales Reconsidered." Econometrica 71.1 (2003): 319-43.
  • Ferreira, M Luisa, Reuben C Buse, and Jean Paul Chavas. "Is There Bias in Computing Household Equivalence Scales?" Review of Income and Wealth 44.2 (1998): 183-98.
  • Fleurbaey, Marc, Cyrille Hagneré, and Alain Trannoy. "Welfare Comparisons with Bounded Equivalence Scales." (1998).
  • Glewwe, Paul. "Household Equivalence Scales and the Measurement of Inequality: Transfers from the Poor to the Rich Could Decrease Inequality." Journal of Public Economics 44.2 (1991): 211-16.
  • Gronau, R. "Consumption Technology and the Intrafamily Distribution of Resources: Adult Equivalence Scales Reexamined." Journal of Political Economy 96.6 (1988): 1183-205.
  • Jenkins, Stephen P, and Frank A Cowell. "Parametric Equivalence Scales and Scale Relativities." Economic Journal 104.425 (1994): 891-900.
  • Johnson, David S, and Thesia I Garner. "Unique Equivalence Scales: Estimation and Implications for Distributional Analysis." Journal of Income Distribution 4.2 (1994): 215-34.
  • Johnson, David. "Equivalence Scales and the Distribution of Well-Being across and within Households." The Distribution of Welfare and Household Production: International Perspectives. Eds. Stephen P. Jenkins, Arie Kapteyn and Bernard M. S. van Praag. Cambridge; New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1998. 381-97.
  • Lanjouw, Peter, and Martin Ravallion. "Poverty and Household Size." Economic Journal 105.433 (1995): 1415-34.
  • Lazear, E. P. , and R. T. Michael. "Family Size and the Distribution of Real Per Capita Income." American Economic Review 70.1 (1980): 91-107.
  • Lewbel, A. "Household Equivalence Scales and Welfare Comparisons." Journal of Public Economics 39 (1989): 377-91.
  • Lyssiotou, Panayiota. "Comparison of Alternative Tax and Transfer Treatment of Children Using Adult Equivalence Scales." Review of Income and Wealth 43.1 (1997): 105-17.
  • Mcclements, L. D. "Equivalence Scales for Children." Journal of Public Economics 8 (1977): 191-210.
  • Meenakshi, J V, and Ranjan Ray. "Impact of Household Size and Family Composition on Poverty in Rural India." Journal of Policy Modeling 24.6 (2002): 539-59.
  • Nicol, Christopher J. "Identifiability of Household Equivalence Scales through Exact Aggregation: Some Empirical Results." Canadian Journal of Economics 27.2 (1994): 307-28.
  • Pendakur, Krishna. "Semiparametric Estimates and Tests of Base-Independent Equivalence Scales." Journal of Econometrics 88.1 (1999): 1-40.
  • Phipps, Shelley A. "Measuring Poverty among Canadian Households: Sensitivity to Choice of Measure and Scale." Journal of Human Resources 28.1 (1993): 162-84.
  • Phipps, Shelley, and Thesia I Garner. "Are Equivalence Scales the Same for the United States and Canada?" Review of Income and Wealth 40.1 (1994): 1-17.
  • Phipps, Shelley A. "What Is the Income "Cost of a Child"? Exact Equivalence Scales for Canadian Two-Parent Families." Review of Economics and Statistics 80.1 (1998): 157-64.
  • Plug, Erik J S, and Bernard M S Van Praag. "Family Equivalence Scales within a Narrow and Broad Welfare Context." Journal of Income Distribution 4.2 (1994): 171-86.
  • Radner, Daniel B. "Noncash Income, Equivalence Scales, and the Measurement of Economic Well-Being." Review of Income and Wealth 43.1 (1997): 71-88.
  • Van den Bosch, Karel. "Equivalence Scales Based on Subjective Income Evaluations: Are Children Really Cheap?" Recherches Economiques de Louvain 62.2 (1996): 203-27.

Gender

  • Appleton, Simon, and Paul Collier. "On Gender Targeting of Public Transfers." Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. Eds. Dominique van de Walle and Kimberly Nead. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, 1995. 555-81.
  • Apps, P. F. , and R. Rees. "Taxation and the Household." Journal of Public Economics 35 (1988): 355-69.
  • Arif, G M, Najam us Saqib, and G M Zahid. "Poverty, Gender, and Primary School Enrollment in Pakistan." Pakistan Development Review 38.4 (1999): 979-90.
  • Bosch, A. "Economies of Scales, Location, Age, and Sex Discrimination in Household Demand." European Economic Review 35 (1991): 1589-95.
  • Boskin, M. J. , and E. Sheshinski. "Optimal Tax Treatment of the Family: Married Couples." Journal of Public Economics 20 (1983): 281-97.
  • Dasgupta, Indraneel. "Gender-Biased Redistribution and Intra-Household Distribution." European Economic Review 45.9 (2001): 1711-22.
  • Fernandez Morales, Antonio, and Julia de Haro Garcia. "A Note on Poverty and Gender in Spain." Journal of Income Distribution 8.2 (1998): 235-39.
  • Findlay, Jeanette, and Robert E Wright. "Gender, Poverty and the Intra-Household Distribution of Resources." Review of Income and Wealth 42.3 (1996): 335-51.
  • Fukuda Parr, Sakiko. "What Does Feminization of Poverty Mean? It Isn't Just Lack of Income." Feminist Economics 5.2 (1999): 99-103.
  • Fuwa, Nobuhiko. "The Poverty and Heterogeneity among Female-Headed Households Revisited: The Case of Panama." World Development 28.8 (2000): 1515-42.
  • Haddad, L. , and R. Kanbur. "How Serious Is the Neglect of Intra-Household Inequality?" The Economic Journal 100 (1990): 866-81.
  • Jenkins, S. P. "Poverty Measurement and the within-Household Distribution: Agenda for Action." Journal of Social Politics 20.4 (1991): 457-83.
  • Kanbur, S. M. R., and L. Haddad. "Are Better Off Households More Unequal or Less Unequal?" Oxford Economic Papers 46 (1994): 445-58.
  • Lazear, E. P. , and R. T. Michael. Allocation of Income within the Household. Chicago: The University Press., 1988.
  • Lundberg, S. , and R. A. Pollack. "Separate Spheres Bargaining and the Marriage Market." Journal of Political Economy 101.6 (1993): 988-1010.
  • Manser, M. , and M. Brown. "Marriage and Household Decision-Making: A Bargaining Analysis." International Economic Review 21.1 (1980): 31-44.
  • Mcelroy, M. B., and M. J Horney. "Nash-Bargained Household Decisions: Toward a Generalization of the Theory of Demand." International Economic Review 22.2 (1981).
  • Piggot, J. , and J. Whalley. "The Tax Unit and Household Production: A General Equilibrium Approach." (1989).
  • Pollak, R. A. "For Better or Worse: The Roles of Power in Models of Distribution within Marriage." 1984 of AER Paper & Proceedings.
  • Pressman, Steven. "Explaining the Gender Poverty Gap in Developed and Transitional Economies." Journal of Economic Issues 36.1 (2002): 17-40.
  • Quisumbing, Agnes R, Lawrence Haddad, and Christine Pena. "Are Women Overrepresented among the Poor? An Analysis of Poverty in 10 Developing Countries." Journal of Development Economics 66.1 (2001): 225-69.
  • Spencer, N. S. "Taxation of Husband and Wife: Lessons from Europe." Fiscal Studies 7.3 (1986): 83-90.
  • Wright, Robert E. "A Feminisation of Poverty in Great Britain?" Review of Income and Wealth 38.1 (1992): 17-25.

Intrahousehold allocation of well-being

  • Aguiar, Mark, and Erik Hurst. Measuring Trends in Leisure: The Allocation of Time Over Five Decades. National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, NBER Working Papers, 2006. 
  • Akerlof, George A., and Rachel E. Kranton. "Economics and Identity." Explorations in Pragmatic Economics: Selected Papers of George A. Akerlof (and Co-Authors). Ed. George A. Akerlof ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2005 [2000]. 67-99.  
  • ---. "Economics and Identity." Quarterly Journal of Economics 115.3 (2000): 715-53.  
  • Alderman, Harold. "Unitary Versus Collective Models of the Household: Is it Time to Shift the Burden of Proof?" World Bank Research Observer 10.1 (1995): 1-19.
  • Alderman, H., P.-A. Chiappori, L. Haddad, J. Hoddinott and R. Kanbur (1995). “Unitary versus Collective Models of the Household: Is It Time to Shift the Burden of Proof?”, The World Bank Research Observer, 10:1.
  • Alderman, H., J. Hoddinott and B. Kinsey (2003). “Long-term consequences of early childhood malnutrition”. Washington, IFPRI. 30 p. Behrman, J.R. (1992). “Intra-Household Allocation of Nutrients and Gender Effects: A Survey of Structural and Reduced-Form Estimates.” in Osmani, S. R. (ed.) Nutrition and Policy.
  • Antonides, Gerrit, and Maaike Kroft. "Fairness Judgments in Household Decision Making." Journal of Economic Psychology 26.6 (2005): 902-13.
  • Apps, Patricia. Gender, Time use, and Models of the Household. The World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper Series, 2004.   
  • Apps, Patricia, and Ray Rees. "The Household, Time use and Tax Policy." CESifo Economic Studies 50.3 (2004): 479-500.
  • Arias, Carlos, et al. "Estimation of the Sharing Rule between Adults and Children and Related Equivalence Scales within a Collective Consumption Framework." Household Behaviour, Equivalence Scales, Welfare and Poverty. Ed. Camilo Dagum and Guido Ferrari eds. Contributions to Statistics. Heidelberg and New York: Springer, 2004. 129-161.  
  • Balestrino, Alessandro. "Revisiting the Equity-Efficiency Trade-Off: Taxation with Noncooperative Families." FinanzArchiv 60.4 (2004): 515-31.  <http://www.mohr.de/fa.html>.
  • Balestrino, Alessandro, Alessandro Cigno, and Anna Pettini. "Doing Wonders with an Egg: Optimal Re-Distribution when Households Differ in Market and Non-Market Abilities." Journal of Public Economic Theory 5.3 (2003): 479-98.
  • Behrman, Jere R. "Intrahousehold Allocation of Nutrients in Rural India: Are Boys Favored? do Parents Exhibit Inequality Aversion?" Oxford Economic Papers, N. S. 40.1 (1988): 32-54.  
  • Bhopal, Kalwant. "South Asian Women Homeworkers in East London." Women, Work and Inequality: The Challenge of Equal Pay in a Deregulated Labour Market. Ed. Jeanne Gregory, Rosemary Sales, and Ariane Hegewisch eds. New York: St. Martin's Press; London: Macmillan Press, 1999. 129-138.
  • Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth, and Siv Overas. "Women and Union Democracy--Welcome as Members but Not as Leaders? A Study of the Scandinavian Confederations of Labor." Reconfigurations of Class and Gender. Ed. Janeen Baxter and Mark Western eds. Studies in Social Inequality. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. 154-165.  
  • Bonke, Jens. "Distribution of Economic Resources: Implications of Including Household Production." Review of Income and Wealth 38.3 (1992): 281-93.
  • ---. Distribution of Economic Resources: Implications of Including the Household Production. University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics (formerly Institute of Economics), Discussion Papers, 1991
  • Borelli, Sara, and Federico Perali. "Drug Consumption and Intra-Household Distribution of Resources: The Case of Qat in an African Society." Household Behaviour, Equivalence Scales, Welfare and Poverty. Ed. Camilo Dagum and Guido Ferrari eds. Contributions to Statistics. Heidelberg and New York: Springer, 2004. 163-194.  
  • Borooah, V.K. and P.M. Mckee (1993). “Intra-household Income Transfers and Implications for Poverty and Inequality in the UK”, in J. Creedy (ed.), Taxation, Poverty and the distribu­tion of Income, London: Edward Elgar.
  • Bouis, Howarth E., and Christine L. Pena. "Inequality in the Intrafamily Distribution of Food: The Dilemma of Defining an Individual's "Fair Share."." Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Models, Methods, and Policy. Ed. Lawrence Haddad, John Hoddinott, and Harold Alderman eds. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the International Food Policy Research Institute, 1997. 179-193.
  • Bradbury, Bruce. "Consumption and the within-Household Income Distribution: Outcomes from an Australian "Natural Experiment."." CESifo Economic Studies 50.3 (2004): 501-40.
  • ---. "The Welfare Interpretation of Consumer Equivalence Scales." International Journal of Social Economics 30.7-8 (2003): 770-87.
  • Breunig, Robert, and Indraneel Dasgupta. "Do Intra-Household Effects Generate the Food Stamp Cash-Out Puzzle?" American Journal of Agricultural Economics 87.3 (2005): 552-68.
  • Brinig, Margaret F. "Equality and Sharing: Views of Household Across the Iron Curtain." European Journal of Law and Economics 7.1 (1999): 55-63.
  • Brown, Philip H. (Ph D. ). "Poverty, Education and Intrahousehold Bargaining: Evidence from China." (2003)  
  • Browning, M. and P.-A. Chiappori (1998). "Efficient Intra-Household Allocations: A General Characterization and Empirical Tests", Econometrica, 66:6
  • Browning, M., P.-A. Chiappori and A. Lewbel (2004). “Estimating Consumption Economies of Scale, Adult Equivalence Scales, and Household Bargaining Power”, Discussion paper, Boston College.
  • Cancian, Maria, Sheldon Danziger, and Peter Gottschalk. "Working Wives and Family Income Inequality among Married Couples." Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America. Ed. Sheldon Danziger and Peter Gottschalk eds. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1993. 195-221.  
  • Cancian, Maria, and Deborah Reed. "Assessing the Effects of Wives' Earnings on Family Income Inequality." Review of Economics and Statistics 80.1 (1998): 73-9.
  • Chiappori, P.-A. (1997). “Collective Models of Household Behavior: The Sharing Rule Ap­proach”, L. Haddad, J. Hoddinott and H. Alderman (ed.) Intrahousehold Resource Allo­cation in Developing Countries, Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press.  
  • Chiappori, P. (1988). "Rational Household Labour Supply", Econometrica, 56. Chiappori, P. (1992). "Collective Labour Supply and Welfare", Journal of Political Economy, 100. Corak, M. (2005). “Principles and Practicalities in Measuring Child Poverty for the Rich Coun­tries”, Innocenti Working Paper 2005-01, Innocenti Research Centre, UNICEF.
  • Chimhowu, Admos, Jenifer Piesse, and Caroline Pinder. "The Socioeconomic Impact of Remittances on Poverty Reduction." Remittances: Development Impact and Future Prospects. Ed. Samuel Munzele Maimbo and Dilip Ratha eds. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 2005. 83-102.  
  • Chu, C. Y. Cyrus. "Primogeniture." Journal of Political Economy 99.1 (1991): 78-99.
  • Clement, Wallace. "Who Works? Comparing Labor Market Practices." Reconfigurations of Class and Gender. Ed. Janeen Baxter and Mark Western eds. Studies in Social Inequality. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. 55-80.  
  • Contreras G, Dante, and Julio Caceres D. "Asignacion De Recursos En Los Hogares Pobres De Chile. (with English Summary.)." Cuadernos de Economia (Pontifical Catholic University of Chile) 36.108 (1999): 727-60.
  • Couprie, Helene. "Time Allocation within the Family: Welfare Implications of Life in a Couple." Economic Journal 117.516 (2007): 287-305.
  • Cox, Donald. Private Inter-Household Transfers in Vietnam in the Early and Late 1990s. Boston College Department of Economics, Boston College Working Papers in Economics, 2002.
  • Cox, Donald, Zekeriya Eser, and Emmanuel Jimenez. Motives for Private Transfers Over the Life Cycle: An Analytical Framework and Evidence for Peru. Boston College Department of Economics, Boston College Working Papers in Economics, 1996.  
  • Cox, Donald, John Fetzer, and Emmanuel Jiminez. Private Safety Nets through Inter-Household Transfers: The Case of Viet Nam. Boston College Department of Economics, Boston College Working Papers in Economics, 1996.  
  • Cox, Donald, and Emmanuel Jimenez. A Study for Motivation for Private Transfers in Cote D'Ivoire. Boston College Department of Economics, Boston College Working Papers in Economics, 1993
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Measuring inequality

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  • Narayan, Deepa. Voices of the Poor: Can Anyone Hear Us? With Raj Patel et al. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank, 2000.
  • National Research Council, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Panel on Poverty and Family Assistance. Measuring Poverty: A New Approach. Edited by Constance F. Citro and Robert T. Michael. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1995.
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  • Osberg, Lars. "Poverty in Canada and the United States: Measurements, Trends, and Implications." Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'Économique 33.4 (2000): 847-77.
  • Pattanaik, Prasanta K, and Manimay Sengupta. "On Alternative Axiomatization of Sen's Poverty Measure." Review of Income and Wealth 41.1 (1995): 73-80.
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  • Pradhan, M. , and M. Ravallion. Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Consumption Adequacy, 1999.
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  • Ravallion, M. Poverty Comparisons. Fundamentals of Pure and Applied Economics. Switzerland.: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1994.
  • Ravallion, Martin, and Benu Bidani. "How Robust Is a Poverty Profile?" World Bank Economic Review 8.1 (1994): 75-102.
  • Ravallion, M. Poverty Comparisons: Fundamentals of Pure and Applied Economics: The World Bank, 1994.
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  • Welfare, National Council Of. Poverty Profile 1994: Government of Canada, 1996.
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Measuring social welfare

  • Bishop, J. A., J. P. Formby, and P. D. Thistle. "Changes in the Us Earnings Distributions in the 1980's." Applied Economics 23 (1991): 425-34.
  • Dollar, David, and Aart Kraay. "Spreading the Wealth." Foreign Affairs 81.1 (2002): 120-33.
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  • Stodder, James. "Equity-Efficiency Preferences in Poland and the Soviet Union: Order-Reversals under the Atkinson Index." Review of Income and Wealth 37.3 (1991): 287-99.
  • Tam, Mo Yin S, and Renze Zhang. "Ranking Income Distributions: The Tradeoff between Efficiency and Equality." Economica 63.250 (1996): 239-52.

Multidimensional poverty analysis

  • Anand, S , and a K Sen. "Concepts of Human Development and Poverty: A Multidimensional Perspective." Human Development Papers, United Nations Development Programme 1997.
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  • Bourguignon, F , and S. R. Chakravarty. The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty. Paris: DELTA, 1998.
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  • Chambaz, Christine, and Eric Maurin. "Atkinson and Bourguignon's Dominance Criteria: Extended and Applied to the Measurement of Poverty in France." Review of Income and Wealth 44.4 (1998): 497-513.
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  • Fleurbaey, Marc, Cyrille Hagnere, and Alain Trannoy. "Mesure Des Effets Redistributifs D'une Reforme Des Minima Sociaux a L'aide D'un Nouveau Critere De Dominance. (Measuring the Redistributive Impact of Reform of the Welfare System with a New Dominance Criterion. With English Summary.)." Revue Economique 53.6 (2002): 1205-34.
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  • Lambert, Peter J, and Xavier Ramos. "Welfare Comparisons: Sequential Procedures for Heterogeneous Populations." Economica 69.276 (2002): 549-62.
  • Maasoumi, Esfandiar. "Multidimensioned Approaches to Welfare Analysis." Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement. With a Foreword by Amartya Sen. Recent Economic Thought Series. Ed. Jacques Silber. Boston; Dordrecht and London: Kluwer Academic, 1999. 437-77.
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  • Narayan, Deepa, and et al. Voices of the Poor: Crying out for Change. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press for the World Bank, 2000.
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Normative analysis

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Polarisation

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  • Davis, Joe C, and John H Huston. "The Shrinking Middle-Income Class: A Multivariate Analysis." Eastern Economic Journal 18.3 (1992): 277-85.
  • Esteban, Joan, and Debraj Ray. "On the Measurement of Polarization." Econometrica 62.4 (1994): 819-51.
  • Esteban, Joan M. "Desigualdad Y Polarizacion. Una Aplicacion a La Distribucion Interprovincial De La Renta En Espana. (Inequality and Polarisation. An Application to the Inter-Provincial Distribution of Income in Spain. With English Summary.)." Revista de Economia Aplicada 4.11 (1996): 5-26.
  • Esteban, J., C. Gradin, and D. Ray. Extensions of a Measure of Polarization, with an Application to the Income Distribution of Five Oecd Countries: Instituto de Analisis Economico, 1998.
  • Esteban, J., and D. Ray. "Conflict and Distribution." Journal of Economic Theory 87 (1999): 379-415.
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  • Zhang, X., and R. Kanbur. "What Difference Do Polarisation Measures Make? An Application to China." Journal of Development Studies 37 (2001): 85-98.

Public policy and poverty

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Poverty dynamics

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Growth and poverty

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Income redistribution and fiscal policy

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  • van Doorslaer, Eddy, and et al. "The Redistributive Effect of Health Care Finance in Twelve Oecd Countries." Journal of Health Economics 18.3 (1999): 291-313.
  • Vermaeten, Arndt, W Irwin Gillespie, and Frank Vermaeten. "Who Paid the Taxes in Canada, 1951-1988?" Canadian Public Policy 21.3 (1995): 317-43.
  • Vickrey, W. Agenda for Progressive Taxation. The Ronald Press Company, New York, 1947 ed. Clifton, New Jersey: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers, 1972.
  • Wagstaff, A. , and E. Van Doorslaer. "Progressivity, Horizontal Equity and Rerankiing in Health Care Finance: A Decomposition Analysis for the Netherlands." Journal of Health Economics 16 (1997): 499-516.
  • Wagstaff, Adam, and et al. "Redistributive Effect, Progressivity and Differential Tax Treatment: Personal Income Taxes in Twelve Oecd Countries." Journal of Public Economics 72.1 (1999): 73-98.
  • Wagstaff, Adam, and Eddy van Doorslaer. "What Makes the Personal Income Tax Progressive? A Comparative Analysis of Fifteen Oecd Countries." International Tax and Public Finance 8.3 (2001): 299-315.
  • Walters, William H, and Esther I Wilder. "American Jewish Household Income, 1969 and 1989." Journal of Economic and Social Measurement 23.3 (1997): 197-212.
  • Whalley, J. "Regression or Progression: The Taxing Question of Incidence Analysis." Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'Iconomique XVII.4 (1984): 654-82.
  • Younger, Stephen D, and et al. "Tax Incidence in Madagascar: An Analysis Using Household Data." World Bank Economic Review 13.2 (1999): 303-31.
  • Zandvakili, Sourushe. "Income Distribution and Redistribution through Taxation: An International Comparison." Empirical Economics 19.3 (1994): 473-91.
  • Zandvakili, S. "Decomposable Measures of Income Tax Progressivity." Applied Economics 27 (1995): 657-60.
  • Zandvakili, Sourushe, and Jeffrey A Mills. "The Distributional Implications of Tax and Transfer Programs in Us." Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance 41.2 (2001): 167-81.

Statistical inference

  • Bishop, John A, John P Formby, and W James Smith. "Lorenz Dominance and Welfare: Changes in the U.S. Distribution of Income, 1967-1986." Review of Economics and Statistics 73.1 (1991): 134-39.
  • Bishop, John A, K Victor Chow, and John P Formby. "A Stochastic Dominance Analysis of Growth, Recessions and the U.S. Income Distribution, 1967-1986." Southern Economic Journal 57.4 (1991): 936-46.
  • Bishop, John A, John P Formby, and Paul D Thistle. "Rank Dominance and International Comparisons of Income Distributions." European Economic Review 35.7 (1991): 1399-409.
  • Bishop, John A, John P Formby, and W James Smith. "International Comparisons of Income Inequality: Tests for Lorenz Dominance across Nine Countries." Economica 58.232 (1991): 461-77.
  • Bishop, J. A, J. P. Formby, and P. D. Thistle. "Convergence of the South and Non-South Income Distributions, 1969--1979." American Economic Review 82 (1992): 262--72.
  • Bishop, John A, John P Formby, and Lester A Zeager. "Welfare Evaluations of State Income Distributions." Social Science Quarterly 73.1 (1992): 166-76.
  • Bishop, J. A., J. P. Formby, and P. D. Thistle. "Convergence of the South and Non-South Income Distributions, 1969-1979." American Economic Review 82 (1992): 262-72.
  • Bishop, John A, John P Formby, and W James Smith. "International Comparisons of Welfare and Poverty: Dominance Orderings for Ten Countries." Canadian Journal of Economics 26.3 (1993): 707-26.
  • Chen, Shaohua, Gaurav Datt, and Martin Ravallion. "Is Poverty Increasing in the Developing World?" Review of Income and Wealth 40.4 (1994): 359-76.
  • Davies, James, and Michael Hoy. "The Normative Significance of Using Third-Degree Stochastic Dominance in Comparing Income Distributions." Journal of Economic Theory 64.2 (1994): 520-30.
  • Davies, James, and Michael Hoy. "Making Inequality Comparisons When Lorenz Curves Intersect." American Economic Review 85.4 (1995): 980-86.
  • Davies, James B, and Michael Hoy. "Flat Rate Taxes and Inequality Measurement." Journal of Public Economics 84.1 (2002): 33-46.
  • Deaton, Angus. The Analysis of Household Surveys: A Microeconometric Approach to Development Policy. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, (1997)
  • Ebert, Udo , and Carl Von Ossietzy. Sequential Generalized Lorenz Dominance and Transfer Principles: University of Oldenburg, 1997.
  • Fishburn, P. C. , and R. G. Vickson. "Theoretical Foundation of Stochastic Dominance." G.A. Whitmore and M.C. Findlay. 1978.
  • Fishburn, P. C. "Stochastic Dominance and Moments of Distributions." Mathematics of Operations Research 5.1 (1980): 94-100.
  • Formby, J. P., W. J. Smith, and B. Zheng. "Inequality Orderings, Stochastic Dominance and Statistical Inference." Chicago Meeting of the Eonometric Society. Chicago, 1998.
  • Formby, J. P., W. J. Smith, and B. Zheng. The Coefficient of Variation, Stochastic Dominance and Inequality: A New Interpretation, 1998.
  • Formby, John P, W James Smith, and Buhong Zheng. "The Coefficient of Variation, Stochastic Dominance and Inequality: A New Interpretation." Economics Letters 62.3 (1999): 319-23.
  • Foster, J. E. , and A. F. Shorrocks. "Poverty Orderings and Welfare Dominance." Social Choice Welfare 5 (1988): 179-98.
  • ---. "Inequality and Poverty Orderings." European Economic Review 32 (1988): 654-62.
  • Foster, J. E. , and A. F. Shorrocks. "Poverty Orderings." Econometrica 56.1 (1988): 173-77.
  • Foster, James, and Yong Jin. "Poverty Orderings for the Dalton Utility-Gap Measures." The Distribution of Welfare and Household Production: International Perspectives. Eds. Stephen P. Jenkins, Arie Kapteyn and Bernard M. S. van Praag. Cambridge; New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1998. 268-85.
  • Foster, James E, and Efe A Ok. "Lorenz Dominance and the Variance of Logarithms." Econometrica 67.4 (1999): 901-07.
  • Gouveia, Miguel, and Jose Tavares. "The Distribution of Household Income and Expenditure in Portugal: 1980 and 1990." Review of Income and Wealth 41.1 (1995): 1-17.
  • Hainsworth, G. B. "The Lorenz Curve as a General Tool of Economic Analysis." Economic Record 40 (1964): 426-41.
  • Howes, Stephen. Mixed Dominance: A New Criterion for Poverty Analysis: London School of Economics Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and Related Disciplines, 1993.
  • Howes, S. Distributional Analysis Using Dominance Criteria: With Applications to Chinese Survey Data: STICERD, London School of Economics., 1994.
  • Jenkins, S. P. , and P. J. Lambert. ",Three 'I's of Poverty Curves and Poverty Dominance: Tips for Poverty Analysis." Research on Economic Inequality 8 (1998).
  • Kakwani, N. C. "Applications of Lorenz Curves in Economic Analysis." Econometrica 45.3 (1977): 719-28.
  • Kanbur, S. M. R. , and J. O. Stromberg. "Income Transitions and Income Distribution Dominance." Journal of Economic Theory 45 (1988): 408-16.
  • Leibbrandt, Murray, and Ingrid Woolard. "A Comparison of Poverty in South Africa's Nine Provinces." Development Southern Africa 16.1 (1999): 37-54.
  • Makdissi, Paul, and Yves Groleau. "Que Pouvons-Nous Apprendre Des Profils De Pauvrete Canadiens? (with English Summary.)." L'Actualite Economique/Revue D'Analyse Economique 78.2 (2002): 257-86.
  • Moyes, Patrick. "Stochastic Dominance and the Lorenz Curve." Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement. With a Foreword by Amartya Sen. Recent Economic Thought Series. Ed. Jacques Silber. Boston; Dordrecht and London: Kluwer Academic, 1999. 199-222.
  • Muliere, P. , and M. Scarsini. "A Note on Stochastic Dominance and Inequality Measures." Journal of Economic Theory 49.2 (1989): 314-23.
  • Ok, Efe A. , and Peter J. Lambert. "On Evaluating Social Welfare by Sequential Generalized Lorenz Dominance." Economics Letters 1999: 45-53.
  • Pratt, J. W. "Risk Aversion in the Small and in the Large." Econometrica 32.1 (1964): 122-36.
  • Ravallion, M. "Does Undernutrition Respond to Income and Prices? Dominance Tests for Indonesia." World Bank Economic Review 6.1 (1992): 109-24.
  • ---. "Poverty Rankings Using Noisy Data on Living Standards." Economics Letters February 1994: 481-85.
  • Sahn, David E, Stephen D Younger, and Kenneth R Simler. "Dominance Testing of Transfers in Romania." Review of Income and Wealth 46.3 (2000): 309-27.
  • Sahn, David E, and David C Stifel. "Robust Comparisons of Malnutrition in Developing Countries." American Journal of Agricultural Economics 84.3 (2002): 716-35.
  • Sarabia, Jose Maria, Enrique Castillo, and Daniel J Slottje. "Lorenz Ordering between Mcdonald's Generalized Functions of the Income Size Distribution." Economics Letters 75.2 (2002): 265-70.
  • Shorrocks, A. F. "Ranking Income Distributions." Economica 50 (1983): 3-17.
  • Spencer, B. D. , and S. Fisher. "On Comparing Distributions of Poverty Gaps." The Indian Journal of Statistics 54 (1992): 114-26.
  • Thistle, P. "Negative Moments, Risk Aversion, and Stochastic Dominance." Journal of Financial Quantitative Analysis 28 (1993): 301-11.
  • Whitmore, G. A. "Third-Degree Stochastic Dominance." The American Economic Review 60 (1970): 457-59.
  • Yaari, M. E. "The Dual Theory of Choice under Risk." Econometrica 55.1 (1987): 95-115.
  • Yitzhaki, S. "Stochastic Dominance, Mean Variance, and Gini Mean Difference." American Economic Review 72.1 (1982): 178-85.
  • Zheng, Buhong. "On the Power of Poverty Orderings." Social Choice and Welfare 16.3 (1999): 349-71.
  • ---. "Poverty Orderings." Journal of Economic Surveys 14.4 (2000): 427-66.
  • ---. "Poverty Orderings: A Graphical Illustration." Social Choice and Welfare 18.1 (2001): 165-78.
  • Zoli, Claudio. "Intersecting Generalized Lorenz Curves and the Gini Index." Social Choice and Welfare. Vol. 16, 1999.

Subjective poverty

  • Amiel, Yoram. "The Measurement of Income Inequality: The Subjective Approach." Handbook of Income Inequality Measurement. With a Foreword by Amartya Sen. Recent Economic Thought Series. Ed. Jacques Silber. Boston; Dordrecht and London: Kluwer Academic, 1999. 227-41.
  • Blanchflower, David G, and Andrew J Oswald. Well-Being over Time in Britain and the USA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2000.
  • Pradhan, Menno, and Martin Ravallion. "Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Consumption Adequacy." Review of Economics and Statistics 82.3 (2000): 462-71.
  • Ravallion, Martin, and Michael Lokshin. "Self-Rated Economic Welfare in Russia." European Economic Review 46.8 (2002): 1453-73.

Poverty and targeting

  • Akerlof, G. A. "The Economics of 'Tagging' as Applied to the Optimal Income Tax, Welfare Programs, and Manpower Planning." American Economic Review 68.1 (1978): 8-19.
  • Alderman, Harold. "Do Local Officials Know Something We Don't? Decentralization of Targeted Transfers in Albania." Journal of Public Economics 83.3 (2002): 375-404.
  • Atkinson, A B. "On Targeting and Family Benefits." Atkinson, Anthony B.; Incomes and the Welfare State: Essays on Britain and Europe. Cambridge; New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1995; 223 61. 1995.
  • Baker, J. L. , and M. E. Grosch. Poverty Reduction through Geographic Targeting: How Well Does It Work, 1994.
  • Besley, T., and S. Coate. Workfare Vs. Welfare: Incentive Arguments for Work Requirements in Poverty Alleviation Programs: Research Program in Development Studies, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University., 1988.
  • Besley, T. "Means Testing Versus Universal Provision in Poverty Alleviation Programmes." Economica ed. Vol. 57, 1990. 119-29.
  • Besley, T. , and S. Coate. The Design of Income Maintenance Programs: John M. Olin Program for the Study of Economic Organization and Public Policy, 1991.
  • Besley, Timothy, and Stephen Coate. "Workfare Versus Welfare Incentive Arguments for Work Requirements in Poverty-Alleviation Programs." American Economic Review 82.1 (1992): 249-61.
  • Besley, T. , and S. Coate. "Workfare Vs. Welfare: Incentive Arguments for Work Requirements in Poverty Alleviation Programs." American Economic Review 82.1 (1992): 249-61.
  • Bisogno, Marcelo, and Alberto Chong. "Foreign Aid and Poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Targeting Simulations and Policy Implications." European Economic Review 45.4-6 (2001): 1020-30.
  • Bourguignon, F., and G. S. Fields. "Poverty Measures and Anti-Poverty Policy." Recherches Iconomiques de Louvain 1990: 409-27.
  • Bourguignon, F. , and G. Fields. "Discontinuous Losses from Poverty, Generalized Measures, and Optimal Transfers to the Poor." Journal of Public Economics 63 (1997): 155--75.
  • Bourguignon, Francois, and Gary Fields. "Discontinuous Losses from Poverty, Generalized P[Subscript Alpha] Measures, and Optimal Transfers to the Poor." Journal of Public Economics 63.2 (1997): 155-75.
  • Bourguignon, F. , and G. S. Fields. "Discontinuous Lasses from Poverty, Generalized 1 Measures, and Optimal Transfers to the Poor." Journal of Public Economics 63.2 (1997): 155-75.
  • Chakravarty, Satya R, and Diganta Mukherjee. "Optimal Subsidy for the Poor." Economics Letters 61.3 (1998): 313-19.
  • Chambers, R. G. "Workfare or Welfare?" Journal of Public Economics 40 (1989): 79-97.
  • Coady, D. , and E. Skoufias. On the Targeting and Redistributive Efficiencies of Alternative Transfer Instruments. Washington DC: IFPRI, 2001.
  • Cornia, G. A. , and F. Stewart. Two Errors of Targeting. Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. D. Van de Walle and K. Nead ed. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore., 1995.
  • Creedy, John. "Comparing Tax and Transfer Systems: Poverty, Inequality and Target Efficiency." Economica 63.250 (1996): S163-74.
  • Creedy, J. "Comparing Tax and Transfer Systems: Poverty, Inequality and Target Inefficiency." Economica ed. Vol. 63, 1996.
  • Duclos, J. Y. "Poverty Alleviation and Redistributive Costs." Cahier de recherche , Département d'économique, Université Laval 1993.
  • Fortin, B., M. Truchon, and L. Beauséjour. "On Reforming the Welfare System: Workfare Meets the Negative Income Tax." GREPE, Départment d'Economique, Université Laval 1990.
  • Glewwe, Paul. "Targeting Assistance to the Poor: Efficient Allocation of Transfers When Household Income Is Not Observed." Journal of Development Economics 38.2 (1992): 297-321.
  • Grosh, Margaret E. "Toward Quantifying the Trade-Off: Administrative Costs and Incidence in Targeted Programs in Latin America." Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. Eds. Dominique van de Walle and Kimberly Nead. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, 1995. 450-88.
  • Grosh, M. E. "Towards Quantifying the Trade-Off: Administrative Costs and Incidence in Targeted Programs in Latin America." Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. D. Van de Walle and K. Nead, John Hopkins University Press ed. Baltimore, 1995.
  • Gueron, J. M. "Work and Welfare: Lessons on Employment Programs." Journal of Economic Perspectives 4.1 (1990): 79-98.
  • Haddad, L. , and R. Kanbur. "Intrahousehold Inequality and the Theory of Targeting." European Economic Review 36 (1992): 372-78.
  • Hungerford, Thomas L. "The Distribution and Anti-Poverty Effectiveness of U.S. Transfers, 1992." Journal of Human Resources 31.1 (1996): 255-73.
  • Immonen, Ritva, and et al. "Tagging and Taxing: The Optimal Use of Categorical and Income Information in Designing Tax/Transfer Schemes." Economica 65.258 (1998): 179-92.
  • Kanbur, S. M. R., Budgetary Rules for Poverty Alleviation, Esrc Programme on Taxation, Incentives and the Distribution of Income, Discussion Paper No. 83, July, P. 1 19., 1985.
  • Kanbur, S. M. R. Budgetary Rules for Poverty Alleviation: ESRC Programme on Taxation, Incentives and the Distribution of Income, 1985.
  • Kanbur, S. M. R., M. Keen, and M. Tuomala. "Labour Supply and Targeting in Poverty Alleviation Programs." World Bank Conference on Public Expenditures and the Poor: Incidence and Targeting, 1992.
  • Kanbur, Ravi, Michael Keen, and Matti Tuomala. "Labor Supply and Targeting in Poverty Alleviation Programs." World Bank Economic Review 8.2 (1994): 191-211.
  • ---. "Optimal Non-Linear Income Taxation for the Alleviation of Income-Poverty." European Economic Review 38.8 (1994): 1613-32.
  • Kanbur, Ravi, Michael Keen, and Matti Tuomala. "Labour Supply and Targeting in Poverty Alleviation Programs." The World Bank Economic Review 8.2 (1994): 191-212.
  • Kanbur, Ravi, Michael Keen, and Matti Tuomala. "Labor Supply and Targeting in Poverty-Alleviation Programs." Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. Eds. Dominique van de Walle and Kimberly Nead. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, 1995. 91-113.
  • Keen, Michael. "Needs and Targeting." Economic Journal 102.410 (1992): 67-79.
  • Mitchell, D., A. Harding, and F. Gruen. "Targeting Welfare." The Economic Record 70.210 (1994): 315-40.
  • Nichols, A. , and R. J. Zeckhauser. "Targetting Transfers through Restrictions on Recipients." AER 72.2 (1982): 372-77.
  • Ravallion, M. , and B. Sen. "Impacts on Rural Poverty of Land-Based Targeting: Further Results for Bangladesh." 1994: 823-39.
  • Ravallion, Martin, Dominique van de Walle, and Madhur Gautam. "Testing a Social Safety Net." Journal of Public Economics 57.2 (1995): 175-99.
  • Ravallion, M. , and G. Datt. "Is Targeting through a Work Requirement Efficient? Some Evidence for Rural India." Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. D. Van de Walle and K. Nead, John Hopkins University Press ed. Baltimore, 1995.
  • Schady, Norbert R. "Picking the Poor: Indicators for Geographic Targeting in Peru." Review of Income and Wealth 48.3 (2002): 417-33.
  • Slesnick, Daniel T. "Consumption and Poverty: How Effective Are in-Kind Transfers?" Economic Journal 106.439 (1996): 1527-45.
  • Stern, N. "Optimum Taxation with Errors in Administration." Journal of Public Economics 17 (1982): 181-211.
  • Thorbecke, Erik, and David Berrian. "Budgetary Rules to Minimize Societal Poverty in a General Equilibrium Context." Journal of Development Economics 39.2 (1992): 189-205.
  • van de Walle, Dominique, and Kimberly Nead. Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, 1995.
  • van de Walle, Dominique. "Incidence and Targeting: An Overview of Implications for Research and Policy." Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. Eds. Dominique van de Walle and Kimberly Nead. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, 1995. 585-619.
  • ---. "Targeting Revisited." World Bank Research Observer 13.2 (1998): 231-48.
  • Viard, Alan D. "Optimal Categorical Transfer Payments: The Welfare Economics of Limited Lump-Sum Redistribution." Journal of Public Economic Theory 3.4 (2001): 483-500.
  • Wodon, Quentin T. "Targeting the Poor Using Roc Curves." World Development 25.12 (1997): 2083-92.

Measuring well-being

  • Aaberge, Rolf, and et al. "Income Inequality and Income Mobility in the Scandinavian Countries Compared to the United States." Review of Income and Wealth 48.4 (2002): 443-69.
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  • Araar, Abdelkrim. "L'impact Des Variations Des Prix Sur Les Niveaux D'inegalite Et De Bien-Etre: Une Application a La Pologne Durant La Periode De Transition. (with English Summary.)." L'Actualite Economique/Revue D'Analyse Economique 78.2 (2002): 221-42.
  • Arkes, Jeremey. "Trends in Long-Run Versus Cross-Section Earnings Inequality in the 1970s and 1980s." Review of Income and Wealth 44.2 (1998): 199-213.
  • Barrett, Garry F, Thomas F Crossley, and Christopher Worswick. "Demographic Trends and Consumption Inequality in Australia between 1975 and 1993." Review of Income and Wealth 46.4 (2000): 437-56.
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  • Bhorat, Haroon. "Distinguishing between Individual- and Household-Level Poverty." Development Southern Africa 16.1 (1999): 157-62.
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  • Burkhauser, Richard V, Amy D Crews, and Mary C Daly. "Recounting Winners and Losers in the 1980s: A Critique of Income Distribution Measurement Methodology." Economics Letters 54.1 (1997): 35-40.
  • Burkhauser, Richard V, Joachim R Frick, and Johannes Schwarze. "A Comparison of Alternative Measures of Economic Well-Being for Germany and the United States." Review of Income and Wealth 43.2 (1997): 153-71.
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  • Coronado, Julia Lynn, Don Fullerton, and Thomas Glass. The Progressivity of Social Security: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2000.
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  • Garcia, Inmaculada, and Jose Alberto Molina. "Is Income a Good Welfare Indicator for Spanish Households? A Comparison between Both Distributions." Journal of Income Distribution 9.2 (2000): 171-81.
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  • Gustafsson, Bjorn, and Negatu Makonnen. "Poverty and Remittances in Lesotho." Journal of African Economies 2.1 (1993): 49-73.
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  • Harding, Ann. "Lifetime Vs Annual Tax-Transfer Incidence: How Much Less Progressive?" Economic Record 69.205 (1993): 179-91.
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  • Hausman, J. A. "Exact Consumer Surplus and Deadweight Loss." AER 71 (1980): 662-76.
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  • Hentschel, Jesco , and Peter Lanjouw. Constructing an Indicator of Consumption for the Analysis of Poverty: Principles and Illustrations with Reference to Ecuador,. Washington: World Bank, Living Standards Measurement Study, 1996.
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  • Ismail, S., and J. Micklewright. Living Standards and Public Policy in Central Asia: What Can Be Learned from Child Anthropometry?: UNICEF, 1997.
  • Juster, F Thomas, and Kathleen A Kuester. "Differences in the Measurement of Wealth, Wealth Inequality and Wealth Composition Obtained from Alternative U.S. Wealth Surveys." Review of Income and Wealth 37.1 (1991): 33-62.
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  • Lancaster, Geoffrey, and Ranjan Ray. "International Poverty Comparisons on Unit Record Data of Developing and Developed Countries." Australian Economic Papers 41.2 (2002): 129-39.
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  • Layte, Richard, and et al. "Persistent and Consistent Poverty in the 1994 and 1995 Waves of the European Community Household Panel Survey." Review of Income and Wealth 47.4 (2001): 427-49.
  • Lundberg, Shelly J, Robert A Pollak, and Terence J Wales. "Do Husbands and Wives Pool Their Resources? Evidence from the United Kingdom Child Benefit." Journal of Human Resources 32.3 (1997): 463-80.
  • Mayshar, J. "On Measures of Excess Burden and Their Application." Journal of Public Economics 43 (1990): 263-89.
  • Milanovic, Branko. "Do We Tend to Overestimate Poverty Gaps? The Impact of Equivalency Scales on the Calculation of the Poverty Gap." Applied Economics Letters 9.2 (2002): 69-72.
  • Mitrakos, Theodore, and Panos Tsakloglou. "Decomposing Inequality under Alternative Concepts of Resources: Greece 1988." Journal of Income Distribution 8.2 (1998): 241-53.
  • Muller, Christophe. "Prices and Living Standards: Evidence for Rwanda." Journal of Development Economics 68.1 (2002): 187-203.
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