PEP researchers find sources of poverty and inequality in Cameroon from the analysis of national household survey data

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  Identifying explanatory factors for both poverty and gender disparities in Cameroon..

This study applies a specific decomposition technique on data from the 2001 and 2007 Cameroon household consumption survey to explain poverty and inequality trends in the country, while identifying gender-related factors that can explain income disparities and discrimination.
From the results, the researchers find that the level of household economic well-being in Cameroon is essentially determined by the following factors: education, health, employment in the formal sector, age cohorts, household size, gender, ownership of farmland and urban versus rural residence. Meanwhile, that list practically encompasses all of those (more specific factors) that were found to explain income disparities between male- and female-headed households. These latter include education, employment in the formal sector, household size and health, to which however, the share of active household members is added as another determinant.

From these findings, the researchers conclude that public interventions which encourage education for all, employment and rural development in Cameroon have the most potential to effectively address both poverty and gender-based inequality at the national level.
Find out more about the study findings from the project’s recently published working paper:

Working Paper 2011-15

Based on the PEP project PMMA-11321

Research team: Epo Boniface Ngah  |   Francis MENJO BAYE  |  Angèle Nadine MANGA TEME



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