"Economic Effects of Migration on the Left-Behind in Cambodia", by Vathana Roth and Luca Tiberti
The first article, entitled “Economic Effects of Migration on the Left-Behind in Cambodia”, is authored by PEP researcher Vathana Roth of the Cambodia Development Resource Institute (CDRI) and PEP resource person Luca Tiberti of Laval University. It presents the outcomes of research undertaken by a team of local researchers in Cambodia, led by Vutha Hing, and with the ongoing assistance of Luca Tiberti, assigned as their PEP mentor, since 2013. This study examines the effects of migration on various Cambodian household well-being indicators - analyzing the effects of internal and international migration separately.
The results indicate that migration would reduce the national poverty headcount ratio by between 3 and 7 percentage points, as well as decreasing the depth of poverty in the country. However, migration is also found to reduce the hours worked by left-behind household members by between 5 and 10 percent. The authors note that the impact of migration on labour participation may, however, be vulnerable to unobservable factors.
The findings suggest that migration has important and diverse effects while also demonstrating the limitations of the current data on migration in Cambodia.
"Education language and youth entrepreneurship in Chad", by Mallaye Douzounet, Urbain Thierry Yogo and Abdelkrim Araa'r
Meanwhile, PEP researchers Mallaye Douzounet (University of N’Djamena, Chad) and Urbain Thierry Yogo (University of Yaoundé II, Cameroon), together with PEP resource person (mentor) Abdelkerim Araa'r (Laval University, Canada) will also publish an article in the Journal of Development Studies, based on research led by a team of local researchers in Chad, with PEP support, as part of the PEP-PAGE initiative. This paper is entitled “Education language and youth entrepreneurship in Chad”.
The authors examine the effects of the choice of language for education (French, Arabic or bilingual) on self-employment and firms’ performance in Chad. Their results indicate that youth who choose Arabic-language education are more likely to become entrepreneurs, while youth are generally more likely than adults to be self-employed and that the rate of self-employment is higher for men than for women.
Based on these findings, the research team recommends promoting bilingualism throughout the public education system in Chad in order to increase human capital and employability, and restructuring the informal sector to maximize its potential as a source of job and wealth creation.