October 19-20, 2017 – PEP Executive Director, Prof Jane Mariara, and PEP Research Director, Dr Luca Tiberti, presented papers at the 3rd IZA/DFID GLM-LIC Research Conference on New Research on Labor Markets in Low-Income Countries. The conference, which attracted academics, researchers and NGOs from around the world, was held at the World Bank in Washington D.C., USA.
Prof Mariara presented “The causal effect of early fertility and marriage on education and employment among young women in Kenya.” She explained that young women who marry and/or have children before the age of 18 are up to 10% more likely to have no secondary education than women who marry/have children later. Additionally, the more children a woman has, the less likely she is to work.
These findings come from a Growth and Economic Opportunities for Women (GrOW) project. The project, “Women's Early Labour Market Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa,” looks at the factors that affect young women's transitions from school to work in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. It is one of 10 GrOW projects that aims to provide solid evidence on ways to tackle the barriers that hold women back from participating equally in the labour market.
Prof Mariara is Co-Principal Investigator on this project with Prof Andy McKay of the University of Sussex in the UK. GrOW is a joint initiative by the UK's Department for International Development, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC). It seeks to support policies and interventions that enhance gender equality and societal wellbeing.
Dr Tiberti presented "School or work? The role of weather shocks in Madagascar." The project investigated the impact of weather events on schooling and work among teenagers and young adults. The results indicate that reduced rainfall is linked to a reduced probability that young men and women attend school, pushing them into the work force. Less wealthy households were found to be the hardest hit due to having limited access to coping mechanisms such as savings, insurance, and credit.
PEP Resource Persons Jose Galdo and Maria Adelaida Lopera Baena also attended. Prof Galdo presented "Fair Trade, Labor Markets and Women’s Economic Empowerment in Ethiopia.” Furthermore, Arjan De Haan of the IDRC and John Piper of DFID—the PEP Donor Consulting Group—were both present. Prof Mariara also participated as a panellist during a discussion on Gender that rounded out the conference.
IZA and the UK Government Department for International Development (DFID) run the joint IZA/DFID Growth and Labour Markets in Low Income Countries Programme (GLM|LIC), which aims to improve worldwide knowledge on labour market issues in low-income countries (LICs).