PEP national policy conference in Chad: "Education language choice and youth entrepreneurship in Chad"

N'Djamena, Chad – December 22, 2015

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On December 22, 2015, a team of local PEP researchers in Chad - supported under the 1st round of the PAGE program - organized a policy conference in N’Djamena to communicate and discuss their PEP research findings and related policy implications to/with policy makers and other stakeholders at the national level. The event attracted high-level officials from several and various Ministries and government agencies, who actively participated in the discussion.

The study aimed to examine the effects of the choice of language for education (French, Arabic or bilingual) on self-employment and firms’ performance in Chad. The researchers were provided PEP support in the use/application of a series of microeconomic analytical techniques to data from the third (2011) national survey on consumption and the informal sector (ECOSIT III). Results from the analysis show that young people who choose Arabic instead of French as educational language are more like to become entrepreneurs; however, such type of entrepreneurship is undertaken as a means for subsistence rather than profit-seeking activities.  Find out more about the research project's objectives, methods, findings and other outcomes

Organized by the PEP team, in collaboration with the Centre d’Études et de Formation pour le Développement (CEFOD), the main objective of this conference was to present and discuss the policy implications and recommendations ensued from their findings with policy makers and stakeholders, as well as the general public, at the national level. The conference was structured around three sessions, during which the research results were presented by the PEP team members, and discussed with high-level speakers from the Ministry of Civil Service and Labour, the Ministry Of Commerce, Economics, Tourism and Promotion of Crafts, the Ministry of National Education and Professional Training, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research and the Ministry of Sport, Youth and Culture, as well as specialists from universities and other academic institutions. Follow this link to find the detailed list of participants (in French).

Main outcomes

As the team had already participated in a series of consultation meetings, held in the context and at various stages of their PEP project, with several of those Ministries’ representatives (inclunding  the Ministries of Civil Service and Labour, of National Education and Professional Training, of Higher Education and Scientific Research and of Sport, Youth and Culture), this particular event and related discussions contributed mainly to strengthening the collaborations already established between the team and those institutions.

  • The Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Management at the University of N'Djamena, Dr. Awat Hisseine Mahamat, expressed keen interest in the results presented by the research team and stated his conviction that such evidence will contribute to the promotion of bilingualism in Chad. Moreover, he mentioned that the Faculty of Economics and Management considered this event as an opportunity to strengthen initiatives leading to external contributions.
  • The representative of the Rector of the University of N'Djamena also highlighted the outstanding work of the PEP researchers and solicited the continued support of the national media, both private and public, to accompany this process of results dissemination and popularization of this study.

In addition, a discussion followed the presentation delivered by Mrs Eurydice Tormal Gosngar (see video next, recorded at the begining of the project), was followed by an open discussion during which many questions were raised:

  • Why are the two official languages ​​chosen in the study instead of the country dialects?
  • Which Chad Arabic is considered in the context of this research (dialect or classical Arabic)?
  • How was the sample selected?
  • Why is it recommended to introduce the teaching of entrepreneurship in secondary school curriculum?
 

These relevant questions offered an opportunity for the team to provide clarifications and even enriched the dialogue with the audience. Further meetings are planned to be held in the future, between the team and experts from the Ministries, to discuss potential influence of the research findings on issues and implications of education language choice and youth entrepreneurship for policy making in Chad.

Finally, the event benefited from important media coverage, with the attendance and reports from journalists from national (public) television and radio, as well as from the private channel Electron TV and Radio FM Liberté who broadcasted excellent and very informative reports of the communicated findings. 

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