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Multidimensional Poverty among Welfare Recipients: a Case Study of the Samurdhi Programme in Sri Lanka
Even when designed with the utmost laudable intentions, social welfare programmes often tend to suffer from a number of failings – e.g. in terms of targeting/reaching beneficiaries, or meeting the heterogeneous needs of targeted households, etc. These failings often stem from an inadequate understanding of poverty.
The main social welfare programme in Sri Lanka, the Samurdhi programme (reaching about 32% of the population), is no exception, and a team of local PEP researchers have decided to use the outcomes of multidimensional poverty analysis to contribute new and relevant perspectives, as well as an evidence base to help resolve such long standing policy issues.
The study was carried out among a representative sample of households (in Badulla District, Sri Lank), and based on the ‘missing dimensions of poverty’ survey modules developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).
From the outcomes of the analysis, the team found that the Samurdhi programme fails to address the needs of targeted populations in terms of employment and/or vulnerability to shocks, and also tends to generate feelings of shame and humiliation through the selection process of beneficiaries. To find out more about their findings and proposed policy solutions, follow the links below to access the related PEP publications:
PEP Working Paper 2012-03 and/or Policy Brief 92
Based on PEP-supported project PMMA-11364
Researchers : Azra Abdul Cader | Arunika Meedeniya | K.I.H Sanjeewanie | Nilakshi De Silva | Shivapragasan Shivakumaran
To find more recent findings and policy recommendations from PEP-supported studies in developing countries, see Recent PEP findings