2005-2007 conditional cash transfers in Uruguay had no impact on education and labor outcomes

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            PEP researchers make policy recommendations to improve future interventions

From 2005 to 2007, in order to counter the increasing trend of poverty incidence and severity in the country, the government of Uruguay implemented the Plan de Atención Nacional a la Emergencia Social (PANES). In addition to providing direct assistance to poor households, the intervention aimed at fostering human capital accumulation and promoting social integration.

In this PEP-supported study, a team of local researchers set out to assess the impacts of the cash transfer component of this anti-poverty program on school attendance and child labor by comparing data on beneficiary and non-beneficiary groups. The researchers relied on specific methodological approaches fostered through the PEP Policy Impact Evaluation Research Initiative (PIERI). The team also explores the role of some of the potential impact channels highlighted in the literature on cash transfer programs: household income, adult labor supply and conditionality. The results show that the cash transfers had virtually no impact on the desired outcomes, through either channels, and the researchers provide recommendations to guide policymaking for such interventions to be more effective in the future.

For more information on the project’s outcomes, see the related PEP publications:

Policy Brief 85    |    Working Paper (forthcoming)

Based on the PEP project PIERI-11239: School Attendance, Child Labor and Cash Transfers: An Impact Evaluation of PANES

Research team: Veronica Amarante | Andrea Vigorito  |  Arim Rodrigo Mery Ferrando
Find out more recent findings from PEP-supported research initiatives, here.

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